Skyrim:Cистема выравнивания

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Есть два вида развития в Skyrim: развитие параметров и развитие навыков.

При каждом повышении уровня персонажа ,игрок совершает ключевые решения относительно своих способностей. Это значит что игрок может выбрать для увеличения на десять пунктов здоровье, магию или Запас сил , а также дается один перк, который можно вложить в один из 18 навыков (смотри ниже). Каждый повышенный навык, приближает игрока к получению нового уровня.Определенное мастерство в навыке необходимо для получения возможности взятие перка в этом навыке.

Получение уровней

Прокачка персонажа не такая же как была в Oblivion -она основана на навыках и перках.

По мере использования искусство, вы автоматически получаете небольшое количество опыта в этом навыке (который мы назовем "навык XP"),в конечном счете этот навык подымается на уровень вверх. Skill level-ups can also be acquired instantly by training or reading skill books. (Note that each skill book can only be used once.) Every time you level up a skill, you also gain experience toward a character level up (which we call "Character XP", or simply "XP"). Further, increasing the levels of your skills is the only way you are able to increase your character XP. However, leveling up low-level skills offers only a low amount of character XP toward your next level, while leveling up high-level skills offers more. The required amount of character XP needed to gain a character level up increases with your character level.

Unlike in Morrowind and Oblivion, you are not penalized with a lack of attribute bonuses at the time of 'leveling-up' because there are no attributes nor major/minor skills, so accidentally gaining levels before distributing 'points' (skill perks) will have no negative effect. Most content is still leveled (primarily enemy gear), and some players may choose their perks and attribute increases unwisely, so it is still possible to create a character too weak to keep up.

The amount of skill XP you receive from using a skill in a specific way is constant. However, as you increase in skill level, the amount of skill XP required for the next skill level up increases. This is why blocking a few attacks from an Ice Wolf may give you a level up in Block at the beginning of the game when your skill levels are low, but when your Block skill is very high it will take a lot more attacks to level up. In this instance, your Block would level up faster if you blocked an attack from a Giant. Keep in mind that some skills are much easier to level up than others. For instance, you may quickly level the Кузнечное дело skill to 100 by crafting nothing but jewelry; it will take a very long time, however, to level One-handed to 100 solely by attacking Skeevers with a specific one-handed weapon. Further, successfully using your skill yields more skill XP than unsuccessfully using it. For example, successfully picking a lock gives you more Lockpicking XP than does breaking your lockpick in the attempt.

Some skills will only increase when there is an active component associated with them:

  • Скрытность (ориг.Sneak) will only increase if you are within range of and are avoiding detection by an entity that would otherwise be aware of your presence, or escaping from one that has detected you. You do not need to move for the skill to increase, though completing actions that are more difficult increase the skill faster, such as moving and, more notably, completing sneak attacks.
  • Колдовство (ориг.Conjuration) derived from Raise Zombie or similar will only increase if the minion engages in combat. Conjuring Bound weapons in combat will increase the skill as well, as will using soul trap on a target that is dead.
  • Восстановление (ориг.Restoration) will only increase if it is replenishing lost life/stamina (with a few exceptions) and will level up faster when in combat.
  • Изменение (ориг.Alteration) derived from Обнаружение жизни will only increase if you are actually detecting life forms with the spell. The more life forms you detect, the faster your skill will go up.
  • Разрушение (ориг.Destruction) from runes will only increase if the runes are triggered. Other destruction spells require a valid target, either a creature or an NPC.
  • Карманные кражи (ориг.Pickpocketing) increases proportionally to the total value of lifted goods, assuming you are not caught.
  • Взлом (ориг.Lockpicking) will gain a small increase for every broken pick, and a substantial increase that varies based on lock level versus skill and perk level for every successfully-picked lock.
  • Кузнечное дело (ориг.Smithing) of items, potions and enchantments gives skill increases depending on the result.

Note: Over-training will still grant you level ups even if the progress bar is stuck at 100% (for example: If you start training Illusion from level 1 to Illusion level 44 you will be level 6 once you choose to level up).

Уровень и навык XP. Формулы.

Level XP is the experience points put towards raising your character's level. Skill XP is the experience points put towards raising your level in a particular skill.

Уровень XP

The formula for character leveling is as follows:

Character XP gained = Skill level acquired

Example: Training Alchemy from 20 to 21 gives 21 Character XP points

XP required to level up your character = (Current level + 3) * 25

Example: 100 XP is required to advance from level 1 to level 2, and 1300 XP is required to advance from level 49 to 50. This is consistent across all levels. (70→71 follows the same formula as 3→4)

This formula can be extended to find the Character XP needed for multiple levels:

XP required to go from level 1 to level N = 12.5 * N2 + 62.5 * N - 75

Given a Character XP total, the corresponding Character Level is given by:

FLOOR(-2.5 + SQRT(1225 - 8 * XP) / 10)

Навык XP

The skill XP needed for the next skill level is almost proportional to the square of the skill level:

Skill Improve Mult * skill level1.95 + Skill Improve Offset

Using a skill gives XP according to

Skill Use Mult * base XP + Skill Use Offset (?)

Values are given in the following table:

Skill Skill Use Mult Skill Use Offset Skill Improve Mult Skill Improve Offset Total base XP from 15 -> 100 Sources of XP
Alteration 3 0 0.6667726 0 176,269
  • Base Magicka Cost of the Spell
Conjuration 2.1 0 0.9523831 0 251,812
  • Base Magicka Cost of the Spell
Destruction 1.35 0 1.4814827 0 391,707
  • Damage inflicted
Illusion 4.6 0 0.4347849 0 114,958
  • Base Magicka Cost of the Spell
Restoration 2 0 1.0000038 0 264,403
  • 1 base XP damage healed by healing spells.
  • 1 base XP per Magicka used on non-healing spells.
Enchanting 900 0 1 170 278,852
  • 1 base XP per item enchanted.
  • 1 base XP per 400 enchantment gold value of items disenchanted.
  • 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, or 0.6 base XP for recharging a weapon?
One-Handed 6.3 0 0.312893 0 83,938
  • Base Weapon Damage
Two-Handed 5.95 0 0.331296016 0 88,875
  • Base Weapon Damage
Archery 9.3 0 0.21836144 0 56,861
  • Base Weapon Damage of the Bow
Block 8.1 0 0.243360455 0 65,285
  • 1 base XP per raw damage blocked.
  • 5 base XP for a shield bash.
Smithing 1 0 0.25 300 91,601
  • 25 + (3 * item value0.65) base XP for constructing an item.
  • 25 + (8 * item value delta0.6) base XP for improving an item.
Heavy Armor 3.8 0 0.518737804 0 139,159
  • 1 base XP per raw damage received.
Light Armor 4 0 0.492804455 0 132,202
  • 1 base XP per raw damage received.
Pickpocket 8.1 0 0.25 250 10,785
  • 1 base XP per gold value stolen.
Lockpicking 45 10 0.25 300 2,036
  • 0.25 base XP for a broken pick.
  • 2, 3, 5, 8, or 13 base XP for successfully picking a lock.
Sneak 11.25 0 0.5 120 12,658
  • 2.5 base XP for becoming hidden within ~45 feet.
  • 0.625 base XP per second hidden within ~45 feet.
  • 30 base XP for a melee sneak attack.
  • 2.5 base XP for a ranged sneak attack.
Alchemy 0.75 0 1.6 65 571,425
  • 1 base XP per gold value created.
Speech 0.36 0 5.475567362 0 1,468,901
  • 1 base XP per gold used in transactions.
  • 75 * Speech level base XP for passing Speech checks.
  Destruction XP gain is reduced at difficulty settings higher than Adept, but not increased at lower ones.

"Base Magicka" refers to the base cost of the spell. "Raw damage" refers to the damage before armor is taken into account.

Решение выравнивания

You are notified when you are eligible to level up. When you accept the new level—which updates to the highest level you have currently earned—your character is fully healed, regaining any Health, Магия, and Запас сил that was depleted. You can choose whether to do this immediately, or whether to use the level-up strategically to take maximum advantage of the healing bonuses. In addition, you can level up anywhere; unlike in Oblivion or Morrowind, sleeping is not necessary. Note that when you do choose to level, you will be raised to the highest level earned through skill progression; so if you have progressed four levels since you last chose to level up, you will gain all four of those levels the next time you open the skills tab.

When leveling up, you are able to make two permanent character changes:

  • One attribute (Health, Магия, and Запас сил]) can be increased by 10 points. This choice is prompted for upon going to the perk and skill screen and leveling; if you gained 4 levels you will be prompted to make 4 choices in succession.
  • One skill perk can be unlocked. Skill Perks do NOT need to be used when leveling and may be saved for a later time. This allows you to either utilize perk choices for immediate benefit in skills for which you meet the minimum or to upgrade other paths once those requirements are met.

It should be emphasized that the attribute choice is permanent barring future modification of the game or additional content, or use of the developer console on the PC version of the game. Perks can be reset by reaching 100 in the appropriate skill and making it legendary (see Patch 1.9). Since skill gain contributes to the earning of perks as general choices, it is possible to utilize a gain in unrelated skills to progress through other perk paths should that be desirable.

  • With the Dragonborn expansion installed, it is possible to reset your perks after you have completed the main Dragonborn questline. Doing so will consume one dragon soul, and will allow you to clear all perks from one skill tree, refunding them to you. This process can be repeated as many times as desired, provided you have the dragon souls.
Перемещение навыков / Добавление перка (только для ПК)

Enter the skill screen by pressing Tab and selecting "Skills" (2x Up-Arrow or W-key), or alternately by hitting the ?/-key. Once on the screen, you can navigate through skills either by using the movement keys (A, D, W, S) or clicking with your mouse.

Make sure the skill to which you would like to add a perk is centered on the screen and the constellation is visible. This brings up the perk tree for that skill. Navigate to the perk you wish to add. To add the perk, click directly on the star below the text. This will bring up a pop-up screen that you can answer with "Yes" (Enter) to add the perk or "No" (Tab) to cancel.

Максимальный уровень

At higher levels, leveling up happens much more slowly. Level increases in Skyrim follow a formula (detailed above in the Gaining Levels section). Prior to Patch 1.9 the maximum level was 81, since there was no way to gain any more experience once every skill reached its maximum value of 100.

With Patch 1.9, individual skills can be made "Legendary", denoting them with an Imperial symbol. This will reset the skill to 15, and perks used for that skill may be redistributed. Gaining levels in that skill will affect leveling again, thus effectively removing the level cap of 81. There is no restriction on the number of times that skills can be made Legendary. This change makes it theoretically possible to obtain every single perk in the game.

According to the formulae, training one individual skill all the way from 15 to 100 (one mastering cycle) yields 4,930 XP. This amount of XP is enough to level from 1 to 17, or from 194 to 195. Leveling up to 252 (unlocking all perks) would take a total of 809,475 XP. This corresponds to over 164 skill mastering cycles, or mastering every skill over 9 times. The proper approach to such a huge task would be to find the easiest skill to raise and to exclusively focus on that for leveling purposes.

Воздействие выравнивания

Various aspects of the game are leveled. This means that as your character increases in level, some enemies become more challenging but also the quality of the items you find becomes better. However, the leveling system in Skyrim has been altered from that used in Oblivion, in response to criticisms of Oblivion's leveling system.

Different locations in Skyrim have different inherent difficulties. In other words, some dungeons are designed to be too difficult for low-level characters to enter. More challenging dungeons are generally located at higher elevations, meaning that early in the game, players may want to avoid mountainous regions. However, more difficult dungeons contain better rewards. In addition, some high-quality items can be randomly found even early in the game.

The level of a given dungeon is fixed the first time you enter it. Therefore, places that you enter early in the game will always contain relatively weak enemies, even if you return to the same dungeon at the end of the game. If you increase primarily non-combat skills such as Smithing or Pickpocket too early, your character will level up from those skills, causing you to meet tougher enemies without you having the combat skills you need to beat them. It is better to wait to level secondary skills until after your primary combat skills are built up.

In addition, all leveled enemies are generated more like leveled creatures in Fallout. For example, Bandit NPCs are always a fixed level for their name (Bandits are level 1, Bandit Thugs are level 9, Bandit Highwaymen are level 14, etc). The player's level affects the range of possible bandit types generated within a bandit dungeon, and probably the frequency, but does not seem to affect the resulting stats except in a few rare cases. Lower variant bandits remain reasonably common even when more dangerous bandits are available.

Enemy types also seem to reach a plateau where they stop getting stronger. The strongest bandits (non-boss) are mid-20s. The strongest generic vampire is 54, and guards seem to stop scaling at 50. This implies that the difficulty of many areas will not increase beyond certain levels, except perhaps in frequency of difficult encounters. In other words, dungeons have a level range, where if you do not meet the level requirement, you will face the lowest range of the dungeon. For instance, if a dungeon is ranged from level 15 to 25, and you are level 10, you will face creatures in the dungeon scaled at level 15.

Leveling Exploits

Обучение карманным кражам

Train using a skill trainer and then pickpocket your gold back.

Without any pickpocket perks, this only works up to skill level 30 or so. The highest you can go with this "exploit" is level 76. Even with a full complement of pickpocketing perks (Light Fingers 5/5: +100% chance to pickpocket, Night Thief: +25% chance to pickpocket if NPC is asleep, Cut Purse: +50% chance to steal gold), 100 pickpocket, and Thieves Guild armor (+15% pickpocket), and the NPC sleeping, it is usually impossible (0% chance) to pickpocket back the nearly 4k in gold it costs to train skill level 77. There are a couple of ways to get around this limitation:

  • You can use the Unrelenting Force shout to knock down the trainer, and then pickpocket them while they are getting back up (even though the menu still displays 0% chance, you cannot fail). However, you should save your game first as sometimes (though not often) this method will cause NPCs to attack you.
  • You can put a Paralysis poison in the NPC's inventory and then steal the gold, and they won't attack you.

Keep in mind that only 5 skill points may be trained at a trainer per level across all skills. At higher levels, 5 skill increases will earn only a small portion of the experience needed to level. The remaining skill increases you need to level must still be earned normally. Thus, the spending of 7 perk points in pickpocketing to maximize this method has a fairly poor return when compared to doing a dungeon crawl or two (at higher levels) for the 25,000+ gold you need for 5 training points.

Обучение спутниками

There are several trainers who are also permanent followers. In this case, you can have them follow you, ask them to train, and then ask them to trade and take your gold back.

Notably, there are 5 trainers (3 expert: Archery, Block, One-handed, 2 master: Heavy Armor, Two-handed) in the Companions headquarters (Jorrvaskr) in Whiterun who are eligible to become your follower after you complete the Companions quest line. Фендал in Riverwood may also be recruited as your follower if you complete his quest in his favor, and he is a common Archery trainer.

Обучение торговли

There are several trainers who also sell merchandise - there are many at the College of Winterhold, for instance. Once you have access to an enchanting table, it is fairly inexpensive to enchant an iron dagger with a petty soul gem and a spell like Banish, yet these sell for a lot of money. Simply make several items like these, ask the trainer to train you as normal, and then ask what they have for sale and get your gold back by selling them the enchanted daggers.

Огма Инфиниум

Once you have obtained the Огма Инфиниум and have not already used it to gain knowledge (because it normally disappears when you do so), follow these steps to easily gain levels in the 18 Skills:

  1. Activate an empty book shelf to access the book shelf menu.
  2. Find the Oghma Infinium in your inventory, and open it.
  3. Choose any path (The Path of Might to level Combat skills, The Path of Shadow to level Скрытность skills, or The Path of Magic to level Magic skills).
  4. Store the Oghma Infinium on the bookshelf.
  5. Leave the book shelf menu.
  6. Activate the Oghma Infinium on the book shelf.
  7. Select (Do Not Read).
  8. Take the book off the shelf

Repeat the above until you are satisfied with the amount of levels you have gained.

Альтернативный метод

  1. Find an open chest that is not claimed. Cupboards and even pots will work.
  2. Open the container.
  3. Find the book in your inventory and read it, choosing a path.
  4. Close the book and store it.
  5. Close the container, then open it immediately.
  6. Take the Oghma Infinium back out.
  7. Repeat.


In the course of this quest, when you activate the focal points with the Tuning Gloves, you may be given a potent magicka recovery bonus (paradoxically from what should have been a Высасывание магии effect) for two hours that lets you cast and recover instantly. This can be used to cast expensive spells over and over to gain levels, if given the appropriate circumstances.

Уменьшение магии на 100%

After getting your Enchanting skill level to 100 (or close to it, and using a potion of Повышение навыка: зачарование), you can create pieces of armor with 25% cost reduction bonuses for any school of magic. As such, with four pieces (head, chest, ring, neck) enchanted thusly, you can gain 100% cost reduction, making casting any spell in that school entirely free. The following methods are high cost, high XP spells for quickly leveling magical skills this way:

Получение навыка XP

  • Советы о том, как эффективно тренировать навыки, см. в соответствующем разделе и отдельных страницах навыков.
  • Смотрите страницу Бесплатное увеличение навыка, где можно найти подробную информацию по свободному улучшению определенных навыков.


Достижения связанные с выравниванием:

  • SR-achievement-Apprentice.jpg - Ученик (ориг.Apprentice) (5 очков/Бронза) — Достичь 5 уровня.
  • SR-achievement-Adept.jpg - Адепт (ориг.Adept) (10 очков/Бронза) — Достичь 10 уровня.
  • SR-achievement-Expert.jpg - Эксперт (ориг.Expert) (25 очков/Бронза) — Достичь 25 уровня.
  • SR-achievement-Master.jpg - Мастер (ориг.Master) (50 очков/Серебро) — Достичь 50 уровня.